10 Most Common Urban Birds

Note 1: This article originally came out in the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines online newsletter, eBon, in 2013 for the Club’s 10th anniversary. I’m re-posting it now here with updated names and some different photos too. See more bird photos and videos in the original article.


 Did you know that you can see at least 10 different kinds of birds in the city? To non-birdwatchers, the idea of seeing ten different bird species in the middle of a busy concrete jungle is quite hard to imagine but you’d be surprised to know that they are there, usually going unnoticed.

Here is a list of the top ten birds that can be seen in the city (plus some fun facts too!) Read on and discover how many you’ve actually seen and have in your neighborhood.

1. Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus

Of course, the bird that would quite obviously make it to the top 1 spot is the Eurasian Tree Sparrow, more commonly known as the maya. This little brown bird can be seen everywhere in the city: from your backyard, to the sidewalks, to the busy business centers, and almost everywhere else in the city! That is why most people assume every bird that flies past is a maya.

The Eurasian Tree Sparrow or ETS is a species which was (very) successfully introduced in the Philippines. It usually forages on the ground and in trees and its diet consists mainly of seeds and grains, but has adapted to whatever available food in urban areas (foraging in garbage, etc.)

Day3 Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Have you looked at the ETS closely? We usually ignore them…

Fun Fact: Did you know that this maya bird was not the former Philippine National Bird? Yes, the Eurasian Tree Sparrow is called maya but in the Philippines, local names are used for a number of similar species. The former national bird was the Chestnut Munia, which is also locally called “mayang pula.”

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Chestnut Munia, the former National Bird of the Philippines

2. Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier

The second most common, and most overlooked, city bird is the Yellow-vented Bulbul or YVB. With most people assuming that all birds in the city are mayas, the YVB goes unnoticed despite its larger size. It is significantly larger than the maya and has very distinct markings: white eyebrow, black eye stripe, a long tail and a flash of yellow on its vent (lower belly, just before the tail) for which it got its name.  Some birds even sport a noticeable mohawk. The YVB actively feeds on berries and fruits and can also nest in urban gardens.

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Try to keep your eyes out for YVBs in your gardens!

Fun Fact:  The term “bulbul” is actually derived from the Persian word “bolbol” which means “nightingale.” These birds, which we only just read about in books, are actually all around us and have an assortment of bird calls. They have been observed in many a birdwatcher’s garden, nesting in low shrubs and also feeding on ripe finger chili and berries.

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YVBs like feeding on ripe berries. Photo by Jun Osano

3. Philippine Pied Fantail Rhipidura nigritorquis

The Philippine Pied Fantail, locally called Maria Capra, is another common city bird. It is black and white, with a very distinct long tail which it fans out thus its name. The Philippine Pied Fantail can be heard singing melodiously in the early hours of the morning. These birds can be very territorial especially if they have a nest nearby. They get people’s attention when they swoop around, “attacking” dogs, cats, and sometimes even people who get too close to their nest.

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Philippine Pied Fantail. Photo by Mike Lu

Fun Fact: “Pied” means “black and white” in birding language. Another “pied” bird that finds its way in green urban areas is the Pied Triller (which unfortunately did not make it to the top 10.)

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Keep an eye out for another black and white city bird

4. Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis

We have been used to reading about beautiful, long-beaked hummingbirds in the US and guess what, the Philippines has its own family of similar birds – sunbirds! The most common species which can be found in urban gardens is the Olive-backed Sunbird. This small skittish bird has a very distinct long, thin beak which it uses to sip nectar from flowers. It’s back is a uniform olive color while its body is yellow. The male Olive-backed Sunbird has a beautiful metallic purple throat which differentiates it from the female. They can be seen fluttering around flowering plants such as heliconias and gumamelas, calling  “swit-swit-swit.”

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A male Olive-backed Sunbird enjoys feeding on heliconia flowers

Fun Fact: Some birds have different markings for the male and female. The female Olive-backed Sunbird, though the same overall shape, size, and coloring as the male, lacks the metallic purple throat. It is uniformly yellow on its throat and belly.

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Female Olive-backed Sunbird feeding on nectar. Photo by Marlon Lapuz

5. Zebra Dove Geopelia striata

The Zebra Dove is another common city bird, usually seen foraging on the streets and sidewalks in our neighborhood. It is a grey bird with thin barrings (horizontal lines) on its upper parts. If you look closely enough, you will also see pinkish coloring on its chest and a bluish face. The local name of this bird is “bato-bato” which describes how the Zebra Dove can stay perfectly still and look like a “bato” or rock on the road. It also goes by other local names which are based on the sounds it makes: tukmo and kurokutok.

Zebra Dove

Zebra Dove blending in with the ground

Bird Call: Here is a link to the call of the Zebra Dove. Listen and check if you’ve been hearing it in your neighborhood and discover why it is locally called “kurokutok.”

6. Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis

One of the more colorful city birds, the Black-naped Oriole usually escapes a non-birders eye. But even birdwatchers may have difficulty spotting this yellow and black bird, as it blends very well with the green leaves on tall trees it likes to perch on. It is a medium-sized bird with a strong pink beak and a black mask around its eyes. Quite active and noisy birds, Black-naped Orioles can be seen calling loudly from tree tops, sometimes chasing each other through the trees.

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Black-naped Oriole in beautiful lighting! Photo by Christine Remulla Dominguez

 

Fun Fact: The Black-naped Oriole is locally called kilyawan, based on the loud calls it makes. Click here to watch a video of a Black-naped Oriole seen outside WBCP member and UP Mountaineer Fredd’s window! Proof that anyone can go birdwatching, even from the window of your own home!

7. Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea

Have you ever noticed a melodious song of an unseen bird, most probably coming from a mango tree in your garden? That is the song of the Golden-bellied Gerygone. Usually more often heard than seen, it is another bird that lives in the city. The Golden-bellied Gerygone has uniformly olive brown back and pale yellow underparts. It is usually very skittish, hopping from one branch to another.

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The tiny Golden-bellied Gerygone is more often heard. Photo by Jun Osano.

Bird Call: Here is a link to the call of the Golden-bellied Gerygone. Listen and check if you’ve been hearing it singing in your neighborhood.

8. Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris

Did you know there are blue-colored birds that can be found in the city? The Collared Kingfisher is a blue and white bird and is the most common kingfisher that can be seen in urban areas. It has a dark blue, almost black, head and blue wings and back. Its underparts are white and it has a long, black beak. It calls with a noisy “ka-ka-kak ka-ka-kak” usually from high perches and eats a variety of food: from small fish, crabs, grasshoppers, and even lizards. When it hunts near water, it dives quickly snaring its prey with its long beak.

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Blue bird in the city!

Fun Fact: Different birds live in different habitats. The Collared Kingfisher can be found in a variety of ecosystems!

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Collared Kingfishers are also seen in the Coastal Lagoon on Manila Bay

9. Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos maculatus

Yes! We do have woodpeckers in the Philippines and one species can be found in the city! The Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker is another bird that can be seen in urban areas. It creeps up and down and even around branches, pecking away at bark to either look for food or build a nest. Its call is a loud trilling sound, which has been described as sounding like a tiny machine gun.

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Fun  Fact: Yes, Woody Woodpecker is based on a real woodpecker, reportedly a Pileated Woodpecker which is an American species. In the Philippines, we have similar-looking woodpeckers that can be found in our forests like this Greater Flameback. Awesome aren’t they?

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A pair of Greater Flamebacks looking a bit like Woody Woodpecker. Photo by Jun Osano

10. Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica

The tenth bird included in this list is the often unnoticed Pacific Swallow. These birds are seen either flying and gliding around or perched on electrical wires. Pacific Swallows have a  moderately forked tail and reddish forehead, throat, and upper breast. The upper parts and wings are dark blue and the tail is black. These birds have adapted to urban areas and can be seen nesting in cup-like nests in the eaves of houses and buildings.

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A pair of Pacific Swallows. Note the coloring of these birds. Photo by Jasmin Meren

Fun Fact: An abundant migrant to the Philippines is the similar Barn Swallow. It can be told apart from the Pacific Swallow by long outer tail feathers and a black band across its chest. During migration season, watch out for swallows flying overhead and try to differentiate between Pacific and Barn Swallows.

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This is a Barn Swallow. Notice the long outer tail feathers and black breast band which the Pacific Swallows don’t have. Photo by Jun Osano

It was quite a challenge coming up with just ten urban birds! I asked some birder friends for their own list of the ten most common urban birds and their lists would usually vary with one or two species, depending where they are based.

So, have you seen these birds in your area? What are your ten most common urban birds? Do share your list with us! If you have photos of birds on this list that you want featured, kindly send them to me and I’ll include them in this post.

Happy birding!


Note 2: I am from Quezon City and this list is based mainly on the birds commonly seen in Metro Manila. You may have more common birds in your own area, feel free to share them in the comments section. Have fun!

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